ProceduresGovernment

Chiapas

state

2020: 5,543,828, Population

 2020: US$207M, International sales

  2020: US$315M, International purchases

2023: US$1.46B, Exports

 2023-Q4: 2,243,136, Economically Active Population

  2023-Q4: 1.73 %, Unemployment rate

2023-Q4: 73.2 %, Labor informality rate

Jan-Dec 2023: US$39.8M, Foreign direct investment

In 2020, the population in Chiapas was 5,543,828 inhabitants (48.8% men and 51.2% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Chiapas increased by 15.6%.

International sales of Chiapas in 2023 were US$207M, -6.82% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2023 were Bananas, Including Plantains "Plantains" Fresh or Dried (US$95.3M), Coffee, whether Roasted or Decaffeinated; Coffee Husks and Skins; Coffee Substitutes Containing Coffee in any Proportion (US$70.2M), and Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried (US$27.5M).

International purchases of Chiapas in 2023 were US$315M, 48.7% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2023 were Palm Oil and its Fractions, whether or not Refined, but not Chemically Modified (US$16.8M), Surface-Active, Washing (Including Auxiliary Washing) and Cleaning Preparations, Containing Soap or Not (US$15.8M), and Machinery and Mechanical Appliances Having Individual Functions, not Specified Elsewhere (US$4.68M).

In the fourth quarter of 2023, the economically active population of Chiapas was 2.24M people. The workforce reached 2.2M people (32% women and 68% men) with an average monthly salary of $4.84k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Workers in the Corn and / or Bean (360k), Support Workers in Agriculture (287k), and Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (112k). Chiapas registered 38.9k unemployed (unemployment rate of 1.73%).

Net International Trade

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January, 2024

  • US$20.1M, International purchases
  • US$9.63M, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In january 2024, international sales of Chiapas were US$9.63M and a total of US$20.1M in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Chiapas it was of -US$10.5M.

International Sales

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Bananas, Including Plantains "Plantains" Fresh or Dried: US$95.3M, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$166M, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2023 were Bananas, Including Plantains "Plantains" Fresh or Dried (US$95.3M), Coffee, whether Roasted or Decaffeinated; Coffee Husks and Skins; Coffee Substitutes Containing Coffee in any Proportion (US$70.2M), and Figs, Pineapples Avocados, Guava, Mangoes, Fresh or Dried (US$27.5M).

The main international sales destinations in 2023 were United States (US$166M), Belgium (US$6.59M), and Canada (US$5.24M).

International Purchases

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Palm Oil and its Fractions, whether or not Refined, but not Chemically Modified: US$16.8M, Main Imported Product (2020)

Guatemala: US$49.2M, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2023 were Palm Oil and its Fractions, whether or not Refined, but not Chemically Modified (US$16.8M), Surface-Active, Washing (Including Auxiliary Washing) and Cleaning Preparations, Containing Soap or Not (US$15.8M), and Machinery and Mechanical Appliances Having Individual Functions, not Specified Elsewhere (US$4.68M).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2023 were Guatemala (US$49.2M), United States (US$6.28M), and China (US$5.67M).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in january 2024 was Bananas, Including Plantains "Plantains" Fresh or Dried (US$6.88M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$7.87M), Canada (US$465k), and Belgium (US$323k).

The main international purchase in january 2024 was Boxes, Sacks, Bags and other Paper Packaging (US$777k). The main countries of origin of international purchases were Guatemala (US$1.34M), Netherlands (US$53.1k), and United States (US$46.9k).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Chiapas, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2023 were Tapachula (US$124M), Mazatán (US$17.9M), Tuxtla Gutiérrez (US$8.91M), Ángel Albino Corzo (US$7.29M), and Tuxtla Chico (US$2.83M).

In Chiapas, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2023 were Tapachula (US$255M), Tuxtla Gutiérrez (US$24M), Suchiate (US$1.77M), Ocozocoautla de Espinosa (US$1.57M), and Villa Comaltitlán (US$1.2M).

Evolution of Exports

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Chiapas

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of Chiapas's exports according to data provided by INEGI. It is also possible to compare the evolution with other states by adding them in the upper selector.

In the fourth quarter of 2023, Chiapas registered US$284M in exports, showing a decrease de 14.4% compared to the previous quarter.

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$39.8M, FDI Jan-Dec 2023
  • US$3.49B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2023

In the period January to December 2023, FDI in Chiapas reached the US$39.8M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$58.4M), inter-company debts (US$5.63M), and equity capital (US$0).

From January 1999 and December 2023, Chiapas accumulates a total of US$712B in FDI, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$1.6B), equity capital (US$1.56B), and inter-company debts (US$332M).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2023: Spain, US$45M

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2023: United States, US$1.78B

From January to December de 2023, the main origin countries of FDI in Chiapas were Spain (US$45M), United States (US$12.1M), and Argentina (Confidential).

Between January 1999 and December 2023, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$1.78B), Spain (US$822M), and Switzerland (US$200M).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

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The visualization compares the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the income from remittances.

During 2023, a total amount of remittances of US$4.37B is accumulated, while the FDI accumulated in the year reaches US$39.8M.

Product Prices

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Price Variations

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The graph shows the average quarterly variations of wholesale prices of some some agricultural market products.

You can review the variations for other agri-food markets and different periods by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

*Reference prices.

Price Evolution

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The graph shows the average quarterly evolution of the wholesale price of the product selected in the upper buttons, in addition to the quarterly percentage variation of the price.

*Reference prices.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Chiapas were Retail Trade (90,327 unidades), Temporary Accommodation Services and Food and Beverage Preparation Services (26,834 unidades), and Other Services, except Government Activities (22,402 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Retail Trade ($13.2B MX companies), Wholesale Trade ($10.1B MX companies), and Manufacturing ($7.52B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing ($6.81B MX companies), Wholesale Trade ($6.1B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($4.63B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 11.1%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 56.4%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Other Services, except Government Activities (30.8%), Health Care and Social Assistance Services (26.7%), and Management and Administration of Business Groups or Corporations (25%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Real Estate Services and Tangible and Intangible Goods Rental and Leasing (88.2%), Business Support Services, Waste Management and Remediation Services (84.3%), and Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (82.3%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 50.5% of the large economic in Chiapas separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (87.5%), plastic (81.2%), and metal (53.2%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Chiapas are another problems (25.7%), low demand for goods or services (14.2%), high costs of raw materials (12.2%), and public insecurity (11.7%).

Population and Housing

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Chiapas 2020: 2,837,881, Female Population

 Chiapas 2020: 2,705,947, Male Population

The total population of Chiapas in 2020 was 5,543,828 inhabitants, with 51.2% woman, and 48.8% men.

The municipalities of Chiapas with the highest population were Tuxtla Gutiérrez (604,147 inhabitants), Tapachula (353,706 inhabitants), and Ocosingo (234,661 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 5 to 9 years (612,792 inhabitants), 10 to 14 years (583,132 inhabitants), and 0 to 4 years (574,152 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 31.9% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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1.57M inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Chiapas.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 1.57M inhabitants, which corresponds to 28.3% of the total population of Chiapas.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Tseltal (645,687 inhabitants), Tsotsil (535,448 inhabitants), and Ch'ol (199,061 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Chiapas in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Chiapas in the last 5 years came from Guatemala (7.53k people), United States (5.31k people), and Honduras (3.83k people).

The main causes of migration to Chiapas in recent years were labor (7.53k people), family (6.54k people), and social and environmental (4.53k people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

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People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 55.5k, Migrants to Chiapas

Main state of origin of migrants: 10.2%, Tabasco

The charts shows the internal immigration to Chiapas in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Chiapas come from Tabasco (5.68k people, 10.2% of all migrants), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (5.52k people, 9.95% of all migrants), and Ciudad de México (5.45k people, 9.83% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 27.6%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 41.3%, Housing with 1 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 2 rooms, 27.6% and 25%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 1 and 2 bedrooms, 41.3% and 37.7%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 31.2, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 16.4, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Chiapas, the average travel time from home to work was 31.2 minutes, 76.4% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 9.6% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 16.4 minutes, 93.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 2.69% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Chiapas according to travel times.

In 2020, 53.5% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 75.9% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Employment and Education

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Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 56.7%, 2023-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 1.73%, 2023-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2023, the labor participation rate in Chiapas was 56.7%, which implied an increase of 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (56.6%).

The unemployment rate was 1.73 % (38.9k people), which implied a decrease of 0.74 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (2.48%).

Salaries and Workforce

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26.8% Formal - 73.2% Informal: 2.2M, Workforce 2023-Q4

$8.44k MX Formal - $3.52k MX Informal: $4.84k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2023-Q4

The population employed in Chiapas in the fourth quarter of 2023 was 2.2M people, being  1.72% higher than the previous quarter (2.17M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2023 it was of $4.84k MX being $235 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.6k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 32 %, Employed women 2023-Q4
  • 68 %, Employed men 2023-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2023, Chiapas had 2,204,223 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2023 were Workers in the Corn and / or Bean (360k), Support Workers in Agriculture (287k), and Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (112k)

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Chiapas according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Chiapas were Primary School (1.16M people or 36.3% of the total), Middle School (862k people or 26.8% of the total), and High School or General Baccalaureate (641k people or 20% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Chiapas 2020: 13.6%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Chiapas in 2020 was 13.6%. Of the total illiterate population, 37.1% corresponded to men and 62.9% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Chiapas. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance Chiapas: 87.7%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Chiapas: 61.6%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 61.6% of the population of Chiapas between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 87.7% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 33.2% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 11.6k, Social sciences and law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 12.9k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (12,949), Administration and business (10,068), and Social sciences and law (7,838). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Social sciences and law (11,579), Administration and business (10,969), and Health sciences (8,966).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Chiapas were Laws (10.1k), Accounting and supervision (7.68k), and Business administration (6.47k).

Upper Secondary Education Graduates by State

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Chiapas: 406k, Total number of graduates from upper secondary education 2021 - 2022

*The values presented were provided by the SEP and correspond to values for the period 2021-2022.

The states with the highest number of graduates in the 2020-2021 school period were: Estado de México (8.08%, 32,803 graduates), Ciudad de México (6.75%, 27,386 graduates), Guanajuato (6.43%, 26,094 graduates), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (5.75%, 23,345 graduates), and Tamaulipas (5.26%, 21,329 graduates).

Graduate Students of Upper Secondary Education by Carrer

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Chiapas: 189, Total number of careers in Upper Secondary Education

*The values presented were provided by the SEP and correspond to values for the period 2021-2022.

The upper secondary education courses in Mexico with the highest number of graduates were Programación (9.94%, 40,342 graduates), Soporte Y Mantenimiento De Equipo De Cómputo (6.8%, 27,588 graduates), and Contabilidad (6.2%, 25,161 graduates).

Health Resources

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Distribution of Health Units

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The map shows el número de unidades de salud in the municipalities of Chiapas.

With the top selectors you can see the distribution of health establishments by type of establishments and institution.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution. The data is updated as of March 2022.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment through March 2022.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources

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The map shows the number of Health Centers in the municipalities of Chiapas.

You can view this distribution in different years by changing the option selected in the button above.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Resources by Subcategory

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The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Chiapas.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 51.6 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 14 %, Population served by Social Security

In Chiapas, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (2.76M), IMSS (Social Security) (752k), and Pharmacy Office (698k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Pemex, Defense or Marine (2.64M) and Not Specified (1.69M).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Chiapas were physical disability (104k people), visual disability (99.7k people), and hearing disability (58.3k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Chiapas. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 99,666 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 52.1% women and 47.9% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 5.44% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 85 or more years concentrated the 5.04% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Cost of Treatments by Hospital Level

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The line graph shows the evolution of total average cost of COVID-19 treatment by hospital level. The table provides details of the total cost and days of treatment by patient. You can select a date on the line chart to filter the data in the table.

In July 2021, the total average cost according to hospital level was: .

Supplies Cost in Private Hospitals

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The graph shows the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19. These include treatments, devices, services and drugs. This cost is regardless of the presentation and dose of the drug. Also, hospitals vary in the way they report supplies, and only the supplies of interest for this first scope are approved. It is important to highlight that the medicines correspond to the cut-off period of the database from March 2020 to July 2021, and that the use of drugs has changed over time to greater knowledge of the treatment of Covid-19.

In July 2021, the medical supplies of interest with the highest average unit cost were .

Evolution of Supplies Costs in Private Hospitals

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The graph shows the evolution of the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19 in private hospitals. The data shows total costs per input regardless of the presentation, and dose of the drug.

You can add or remove medical supplies from the graph or analyze the number of supplies used by changing the options in the upper selectors.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Chiapas.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Chiapas. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Chiapas.

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Chiapas to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $29.2k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $88.6k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Chiapas comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Chiapas, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $6.86k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $95.4k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

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Total current quarterly household income: $41.8B MX, Chiapas 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $27.9B MX, Chiapas 2020

In Chiapas, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $41.8B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (63.2%) and transfers (20.7%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $27.9B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (41.5%), transport (15.5%), and personal care (8.91%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

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Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 62.9%. The expense that decreased the most was education, in a -28.2%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was transfers, in a 19.8%. The income that decreased the most was others current income, in a -96.4%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 26.5%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 73.5%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 1.35M dwellings were registered. Of these, 26.5% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 73.5% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.9% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 35 a 39 años.

Nicolás Ruíz: 0.281, Municipality with less inequality

Yajalón: 0.469, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Chiapas, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Nicolás Ruíz (0.281), Ixtapangajoya (0.288), Chiapilla (0.289), Acapetahua (0.295), and Mazatán (0.295). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Yajalón (0.469), San Cristóbal de las Casas (0.453), Jitotol (0.445), Bochil (0.420), and Simojovel (0.414).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 28.3%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 46.1%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 46.1% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 28.3% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 16.9%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 2.66%.

The main social deficiencies of Chiapas in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation basic services housing and deprivation health services.

Public Spending

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Basic Concepts

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The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

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The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2022: $79.6B MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2022: $4.15B MX, Government

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2022, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $79.6B MX (corresponding to 59.5% of the total budget), others not classified in previous functions with $39.3B MX (corresponding to 29.4% of the total budget), economic development with $10.7B MX (corresponding to 7.99% of the total budget), and government with $4.15B MX (corresponding to 3.1% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2022: $52.1B MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2022: $0 MX, Current expenditure (trusts)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2022 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $52.1B MX (corresponding to 39% of the total budget), participations with $39.3B MX (corresponding to 29.4% of the total budget), and physical investment with $26.9B MX (corresponding to 20.1% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

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The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2022 according to the administrative classification were Federal Contributions for States and Municipalities with $51.5B MX (corresponding to 38.5% of the total budget), Participations to Federal Entities and Municipalities with $39.3B MX (corresponding to 29.4% of the total budget), and Mexican Social Security Institute with $11.3B MX (corresponding to 8.43% of the total budget).

Derechohabientes

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Infonavit Credits

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The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Chiapas, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In January 2024, 646 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $104M MX.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 31.1 %, Men
  • 27.6 %, Women

In 2023, 31.1% of men over 18 years old in Chiapas perceived security in their state, while 27.6% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 34.5% in the case of men and 32.7% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2023, 11% of the population of Chiapas claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 11.2% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 13% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 13.9% in the Judges and a 33.1% in the Federal Police, while a 11.9%, a 10.7% and a 2.93% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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February 2024: 1,076, Total complaints

 February 2024: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during February 2024 were Stole (179), Injury (129), and Homicide (123), which covered a 40.1% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in February 2023 and February 2024, those with the highest growth were Sexual Harassment (100%), Electoral (100%), and Other Crimes against Life and Bodily Integrity (71.4%).