ProceduresGovernment

Nuevo León

state

2020: 5,784,442, Population

 2020: US$63.6B, International sales

  2020: US$64.4B, International purchases

2023: US$53.1B, Exports

 2023-Q4: 2,965,610, Economically Active Population

  2023-Q4: 2.69 %, Unemployment rate

2023-Q4: 37 %, Labor informality rate

Jan-Dec 2023: US$2.54B, Foreign direct investment

About Nuevo León

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In 2020, the population in Nuevo León was 5,784,442 inhabitants (50% men and 50% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Nuevo León increased by 24.3%.

International sales of Nuevo León in 2023 were US$63.6B, 2.26% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international sales in 2023 were Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$3.83B), Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$3.79B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$3.6B).

International purchases of Nuevo León in 2023 were US$64.4B, 0.3% more than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2023 were Intermediate Products of Iron or Non-Alloy Steel (US$4.22B), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$2.79B), and Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$2.14B).

In the fourth quarter of 2023, the economically active population of Nuevo León was 2.97M people. The workforce reached 2.89M people (39.2% women and 60.8% men) with an average monthly salary of $9.25k MX. The occupations that concentrate the largest number of workers were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (161k), Traders in Stores (117k), and Truck Drivers, Cargo Vans and Cars (96.6k). Nuevo León registered 79.7k unemployed (unemployment rate of 2.69%).

Net International Trade

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January, 2024

  • US$5.26B, International purchases
  • US$4.1B, International sales

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In january 2024, international sales of Nuevo León were US$4.1B and a total of US$5.26B in international purchases. For this month the net trade balance of Nuevo León it was of -US$1.16B.

International Sales

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Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere: US$3.83B, Main Exported Product (2020)

United States: US$55.4B, Main Destination (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sales in 2023 were Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$3.83B), Motor Cars and other Vehicles Principally Designed Cars for Transport of Persons (US$3.79B), and Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$3.6B).

The main international sales destinations in 2023 were United States (US$55.4B), Canada (US$1.52B), and Brazil (US$550M).

International Purchases

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Intermediate Products of Iron or Non-Alloy Steel: US$4.22B, Main Imported Product (2020)

United States: US$25.1B, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2023 were Intermediate Products of Iron or Non-Alloy Steel (US$4.22B), Parts and Accessories of Motor Vehicles (US$2.79B), and Electronic Integrated Circuits (US$2.14B).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2023 were United States (US$25.1B), China (US$11.7B), and South Korea (US$4.29B).

Monthly International Trade

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international sale in january 2024 was Data Processing Machines and Data Processing Units, not elsewhere Specified or Included Elsewhere (US$264M). The main international sales destinations were United States (US$3.45B), Canada (US$75.6M), and Brazil (US$34M).

The main international purchase in january 2024 was Intermediate Products of Iron or Non-Alloy Steel (US$310M). The main countries of origin of international purchases were United States (US$1.77B), China (US$1.08B), and South Korea (US$365M).

Net Trade Balance

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* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

In Nuevo León, the municipalities with the highest level of international sales in 2023 were Apodaca (US$20.6B), San Pedro Garza García (US$6.9B), Santa Catarina (US$5.97B), Monterrey (US$5.68B), and San Nicolás de los Garza (US$5.12B).

In Nuevo León, the municipalities with the highest level of international purchases in 2023 were Apodaca (US$16.5B), Monterrey (US$10.3B), San Nicolás de los Garza (US$8.53B), San Pedro Garza García (US$7.7B), and Guadalupe (US$4.89B).

Evolution of Exports

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Nuevo León

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of Nuevo León's exports according to data provided by INEGI. It is also possible to compare the evolution with other states by adding them in the upper selector.

In the fourth quarter of 2023, Nuevo León registered US$14.2B in exports, showing an increase de 0.1% compared to the previous quarter.

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$2.54B, FDI Jan-Dec 2023
  • US$66.9B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2023

In the period January to December 2023, FDI in Nuevo León reached the US$2.54B, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$2.18B), equity capital (US$260M), and inter-company debts (US$94.9M).

From January 1999 and December 2023, Nuevo León accumulates a total of US$712B in FDI, distributed in equity capital (US$28.8B), reinvestment of earnings (US$25.6B), and inter-company debts (US$12.6B).

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2023: Argentina, US$1.39B

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2023: United States, US$31.6B

From January to December de 2023, the main origin countries of FDI in Nuevo León were Argentina (US$1.39B), Netherlands (US$530M), and Germany (US$211M).

Between January 1999 and December 2023, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$31.6B), Argentina (US$10.1B), and Netherlands (US$5.83B).

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

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The visualization compares the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the income from remittances.

During 2023, a total amount of remittances of US$1.47B is accumulated, while the FDI accumulated in the year reaches US$2.54B.

Product Prices

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Price Variations

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The graph shows the average quarterly variations of wholesale prices of some some agricultural market products.

You can review the variations for other agri-food markets and different periods by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

*Reference prices.

Price Evolution

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The graph shows the average quarterly evolution of the wholesale price of the product selected in the upper buttons, in addition to the quarterly percentage variation of the price.

*Reference prices.

Economic Indicators

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According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the economic sectors that concentrated the most economic units in Nuevo León were Retail Trade (57,193 unidades), Other Services, except Government Activities (25,796 unidades), and Temporary Accommodation Services and Food and Beverage Preparation Services (19,997 unidades).

* It is recommended to consider the values as approximations of the real value because some records have been anonymized due to confidentiality principles.

Internet Purchases and Sales

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The chart shows the distribution of economic units by sector according to the amounts of internet purchases and sales made in 2018.

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet purchases were Manufacturing ($182B MX companies), Wholesale Trade ($56.3B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($40.3B MX companies).

The economic sectors that stood out for higher amounts of internet sales were Manufacturing ($242B MX companies), Wholesale Trade ($60.8B MX companies), and Retail Trade ($33.5B MX companies).

Environmental Standard

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Average percentage: 18%, Meets the standard

 Average percentage: 52.2%, Does not meet the standard

The visualization shows the percentage of large economic units by economic sector according to compliance with the environmental standard in 2018.

In 2018, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that met the environmental standard were Electric Power Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Commercialization, Water and Natural Gas Supply through Pipelines to Final Consumers (60%), Health Care and Social Assistance Services (37.2%), and Agriculture, Animal Breeding and Production, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting (30%).

In contrast, the economic sectors with the highest percentage of large economic units that did NOT comply with the environmental standard were Financial and Insurance Services (74.4%), Other Services, except Government Activities (69.4%), and Wholesale Trade (64.7%).

Actions Regarding Environmental Protection

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The donut chart indicates the percentage of large economic units that carried out separation of their waste, while the bar chart shows the percentage of large economic units according to the type of waste separated.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, 55.2% of the large economic in Nuevo León separated their waste, highlighting the separation of paper (89.9%), plastic (78.8%), and metal (50.4%).

Problems Faced by Economic Units

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The chart shows the main problems faced by economic units. With the upper selector it is possible to analyze the problems affecting companies according to their size. By default, the problems of economic units with up to 10 people are shown.

According to data from the Economic Census 2019, the main problems faced by the economic units with up to 10 workers in Nuevo León are public insecurity (31.7%), another problems (26%), high expenses in service payments (9.59%), and low demand for goods or services (7.46%).

Industrial Parks

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Industrial Parks

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An industrial park is a geographically delimited area designed for the settlement of the industrial plant in adequate location conditions with infrastructure, equipment, basic services and permanent administration that allows continuous operation.

In 2022, Nuevo León registers 79 industrial parks.

Population and Housing

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Nuevo León 2020: 2,893,492, Female Population

 Nuevo León 2020: 2,890,950, Male Population

The total population of Nuevo León in 2020 was 5,784,442 inhabitants, with 50% woman, and 50% men.

The municipalities of Nuevo León with the highest population were Monterrey (1,142,994 inhabitants), Apodaca (656,464 inhabitants), and Guadalupe (643,143 inhabitants).

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 20 to 24 years (503,826 inhabitants), 25 to 29 years (488,349 inhabitants), and 15 to 19 years (471,896 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 25.3% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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92.3k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Nuevo León.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 92.3k inhabitants, which corresponds to 1.6% of the total population of Nuevo León.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (54,106 inhabitants), Huasteco (19,458 inhabitants), and Zapoteco (2,947 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Nuevo León in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Nuevo León in the last 5 years came from United States (13.1k people), Venezuela (3.2k people), and Honduras (2.07k people).

The main causes of migration to Nuevo León in recent years were family (9.81k people), labor (4.19k people), and living place (2.51k people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Internal Immigration

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People who did not reside in the state 5 years ago: 271k, Migrants to Nuevo León

Main state of origin of migrants: 24.9%, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave

The charts shows the internal immigration to Nuevo León in recent years. The values correspond to people who did not reside in the state 5 years ago.

Most of the immigrants who arrived at Nuevo León come from Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (67.3k people, 24.9% of all migrants), Tamaulipas (39.8k people, 14.7% of all migrants), and San Luis Potosí (30k people, 11.1% of all migrants).

* The chart is displayed on a logarithmic scale for ease of understanding. Immigrants who did not specify the state of origin are excluded from the chart.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 29.1%, Housing with 3 rooms (2020)
  • 47.8%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 3 and 4 rooms, 29.1% and 25.4%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 47.8% and 24%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 36.7, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 20, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Nuevo León, the average travel time from home to work was 36.7 minutes, 78.1% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 13.7% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 20 minutes, 93.9% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 4.92% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Nuevo León according to travel times.

In 2020, 43.1% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 43.4% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Employment and Education

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Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 60.8%, 2023-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 2.69%, 2023-Q4

In the fourth quarter of 2023, the labor participation rate in Nuevo León was 60.8%, which implied an increase of 0.012 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (60.8%).

The unemployment rate was 2.69 % (79.7k people), which implied a decrease of 0.53 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (3.22%).

Salaries and Workforce

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63% Formal - 37% Informal: 2.89M, Workforce 2023-Q4

$10.6k MX Formal - $6.98k MX Informal: $9.25k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2023-Q4

The population employed in Nuevo León in the fourth quarter of 2023 was 2.89M people, being  0.69% higher than the previous quarter (2.87M employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2023 it was of $9.25k MX being $26.3 MX higher than the previous quarter ($9.22k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 39.2 %, Employed women 2023-Q4
  • 60.8 %, Employed men 2023-Q4

In fourth quarter of 2023, Nuevo León had 2,885,949 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2023 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (161k), Traders in Stores (117k), and Truck Drivers, Cargo Vans and Cars (96.6k)

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Nuevo León according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Nuevo León were Middle School (1.38M people or 32.2% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (830k people or 19.4% of the total), and Bachelor's Degree (819k people or 19.1% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Nuevo León 2020: 1.45%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Nuevo León in 2020 was 1.45%. Of the total illiterate population, 45.4% corresponded to men and 54.6% to women.

The geomap shows the illiteracy rate in the municipalities of Nuevo León. You can click on a municipality to change the population pyramid to the selected municipality.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

School Attendance

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Percentage of school attendance Nuevo León: 93.8%, Population between 6 and 14 years

Percentage of school attendance in Nuevo León: 60.5%, Population between 3 and 5 years

The chart shows the stratification of the municipalities according to the percentage of the population that attends school. By default, the chart shows the population between 3 and 24 years old, however you can see the stratification in other age ranges by changing the option selected in the upper selector.

In 2020, 60.5% of the population of Nuevo León between 3 and 5 years old attended school, 93.8% of the population between 6 and 14 years old and 43% of the population between 15 and 24 years old.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 41.9k, Administration and business

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 41.6k, Engineering, manufacturing and construction

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Engineering, manufacturing and construction (41,593), Administration and business (38,605), and Social sciences and law (20,059). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Administration and business (41,876), Social sciences and law (34,612), and Health sciences (20,950).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Nuevo León were Laws (22.4k), Business administration (18.9k), and Electronics, automation and mechanics-electrical applications (18.2k).

Upper Secondary Education Graduates by State

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Nuevo León: 406k, Total number of graduates from upper secondary education 2021 - 2022

*The values presented were provided by the SEP and correspond to values for the period 2021-2022.

The states with the highest number of graduates in the 2020-2021 school period were: Estado de México (8.08%, 32,803 graduates), Ciudad de México (6.75%, 27,386 graduates), Guanajuato (6.43%, 26,094 graduates), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (5.75%, 23,345 graduates), and Tamaulipas (5.26%, 21,329 graduates).

Graduate Students of Upper Secondary Education by Carrer

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Nuevo León: 189, Total number of careers in Upper Secondary Education

*The values presented were provided by the SEP and correspond to values for the period 2021-2022.

The upper secondary education courses in Mexico with the highest number of graduates were Programación (9.94%, 40,342 graduates), Soporte Y Mantenimiento De Equipo De Cómputo (6.8%, 27,588 graduates), and Contabilidad (6.2%, 25,161 graduates).

Health Resources

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Distribution of Health Units

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The map shows el número de unidades de salud in the municipalities of Nuevo León.

With the top selectors you can see the distribution of health establishments by type of establishments and institution.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution. The data is updated as of March 2022.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment through March 2022.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources

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The map shows the number of Health Centers in the municipalities of Nuevo León.

You can view this distribution in different years by changing the option selected in the button above.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Resources by Subcategory

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The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Nuevo León.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 11.4 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 52.8 %, Population served by Social Security

In Nuevo León, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (2.99M), Pharmacy Office (949k), and Another place (711k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (3.62M) and Not Specified (852k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Nuevo León were physical disability (103k people), visual disability (94.3k people), and motor disability (50.5k people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Nuevo León. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 94,260 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 55.1% women and 44.9% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 4.64% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 60 to 64 years concentrated the 3.75% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Cost of Treatments by Hospital Level

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The line graph shows the evolution of total average cost of COVID-19 treatment by hospital level. The table provides details of the total cost and days of treatment by patient. You can select a date on the line chart to filter the data in the table.

In July 2021, the total average cost according to hospital level was: low ($413k MX) and medium ($582k MX).

Supplies Cost in Private Hospitals

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The graph shows the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19. These include treatments, devices, services and drugs. This cost is regardless of the presentation and dose of the drug. Also, hospitals vary in the way they report supplies, and only the supplies of interest for this first scope are approved. It is important to highlight that the medicines correspond to the cut-off period of the database from March 2020 to July 2021, and that the use of drugs has changed over time to greater knowledge of the treatment of Covid-19.

In July 2021, the medical supplies of interest with the highest average unit cost were tocilizumab ($5.6k MX), baricitinib ($1k MX), and enoxaparina ($812 MX).

Evolution of Supplies Costs in Private Hospitals

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DROPROPIZINA
CEFTRIAXONA
ENOXAPARINA

The graph shows the evolution of the average unit cost of the supplies of interest for the treatment of COVID-19 in private hospitals. The data shows total costs per input regardless of the presentation, and dose of the drug.

You can add or remove medical supplies from the graph or analyze the number of supplies used by changing the options in the upper selectors.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Nuevo León.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Nuevo León. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Nuevo León.

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Nuevo León to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $72.9k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $251k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Nuevo León comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Nuevo León, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $14.2k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $266k MX in the same period.

Household Income and Expenses

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Total current quarterly household income: $125B MX, Nuevo León 2020

Total quarterly current expenditure of households: $62.6B MX, Nuevo León 2020

In Nuevo León, the total quarterly current income in 2020 was $125B MX. The main sources of household income in 2020 were work income (61.3%) and transfers (16%).

In the same period, the quarterly monetary current expenditure was $62.6B MX. The main current expenses of households were food (32.3%), transport (19.5%), and housing (13%).

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Variations in Household Income and Expenses

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Between 2018 and 2020, the household spending item that increased the most was health, by a 30.4%. The expense that decreased the most was clothing, in a -46.8%.

Regarding household income, the item that increased the most was transfers, in a 63.9%. The income that decreased the most was property rent, in a -8.91%.

* Values at 2020 present value prices.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 27.3%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 72.7%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 1.66M dwellings were registered. Of these, 27.3% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 72.7% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 11.7% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 45 a 49 años.

Vallecillo: 0.278, Municipality with less inequality

General Terán: 0.417, Municipality with the highest inequality

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Nuevo León, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Vallecillo (0.278), Pesquería (0.281), Abasolo (0.284), Lampazos de Naranjo (0.286), and General Zuazua (0.286). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: General Terán (0.417), General Zaragoza (0.412), Doctor Arroyo (0.386), Aramberri (0.383), and Mier y Noriega (0.378).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 1.46%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 18.2%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 18.2% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.46% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 33.3%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 6.37%.

The main social deficiencies of Nuevo León in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Public Spending

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Basic Concepts

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The Federal Expenditure Budget (PEF, by its name in Spanish) establishes the provisions for the exercise, control and evaluation of federal public spending, as well as the accounting and presentation of the corresponding financial information.

The PEF has two large sections, the Programmable Expenditure, which is intended to provide public goods and services to the population, and the Non-Programmable Expenditure, destined to the fulfillment of acquired obligations and support determined by the Law.

Regarding Programmable Expenditure, there are 3 ways to understand it:

1. Functional Distribution: serves to answer the question, what is it spent for? and corresponds to the presentation of expenditure according to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

2. Economic Distribution: helps to answer the question, what is it spent on? and presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

3. Administrative Distribution: it allows to answer the question, who spends?, presenting the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

Expenditure Budget of the Federation

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The icons indicate the annual approved budget and the amount exercised in the year selected in the upper selector.

Functional Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2022: $119B MX, Social Development

Lowest Budget Approved 2022: $2.01B MX, Government

The functional distribution of expenditure corresponds to the socio-economic purposes or objectives pursued by the different public entities.

For the 2022, the functional distribution of expenditure was social development with $119B MX (corresponding to 62.5% of the total budget), others not classified in previous functions with $49.7B MX (corresponding to 26.1% of the total budget), economic development with $19.8B MX (corresponding to 10.4% of the total budget), and government with $2.01B MX (corresponding to 1.06% of the total budget).

Economic Distribution of Expenditure

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Main Budget Approved 2022: $70.9B MX, Current expenditure

Lowest Budget Approved 2022: $2.15M MX, Current expenditure (subsidies)

The economic distribution presents the expense by its economic nature, whether current or investment.

The main expenses approved for 2022 according to the economic classification were current expenditure with $70.9B MX (corresponding to 37.2% of the total budget), pensions and retirements with $61.2B MX (corresponding to 32.1% of the total budget), and participations with $49.5B MX (corresponding to 26% of the total budget).

Administrative Distribution of Expenditure

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The administrative distribution presents the expenditure according to each one of the agencies and public entities to facilitate the management and control of resources.

The main expenditures approved for 2022 according to the administrative classification were Mexican Social Security Institute with $73.2B MX (corresponding to 38.4% of the total budget), Participations to Federal Entities and Municipalities with $49.7B MX (corresponding to 26.1% of the total budget), and Federal Contributions for States and Municipalities with $26.9B MX (corresponding to 14.1% of the total budget).

Derechohabientes

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Infonavit Credits

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The graph shows the number of Infonavit credits delivered monthly in Nuevo León, or the total amount of credits delivered, depending on the option selected in the upper button.

In January 2024, 4,613 credits were delivered, equivalent to an amount of $2.1B MX.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 40.5 %, Men
  • 23.9 %, Women

In 2023, 40.5% of men over 18 years old in Nuevo León perceived security in their state, while 23.9% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the sociodemographic level, both men and women belonging to the lower class sociodemographic level perceived greater security, 48.3% in the case of men and 34.2% in the case of women.

Trust in Authorities

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In 2023, 13.9% of the population of Nuevo León claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 8.01% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 16.1% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 22.4% in the Judges and a 40.6% in the Federal Police, while a 9.39%, a 8.07% and a 3.65% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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February 2024: 7,778, Total complaints

 February 2024: Domestic Violence, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during February 2024 were Domestic Violence (1.48k), Stole (868), and Narcomenudeo (790), which covered a 40.3% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in February 2023 and February 2024, those with the highest growth were Kidnapping (200%), Letting Prisoners Escape (200%), and Sexual Harassment (100%).