ProceduresGovernment

Tlaxcala

Municipality of Tlaxcala's State

2020: 99,896, Population

  2020: US$2.1M, International purchases

Jan-Dec 2023: US$306M, FDI in the State of Tlaxcala

About Tlaxcala

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In 2020, the population in Tlaxcala was 99,896 inhabitants (47.3% men and 52.7% women). Compared to 2010, the population in Tlaxcala increased by 11.2%.

International purchases of Tlaxcala in 2023 were US$2.1M, -50.3% less than the previous year. The products with the highest level of international purchases in 2023 were The Articles of Plastics and Articles of other Materials (US$65.1k) and Tapes, other than those of Heading 5807; Ribbons without Weft Assembled Fiber Yarn or Agglomerated (US$29.8k).

International Purchases

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The Articles of Plastics and Articles of other Materials: US$65.1k, Main Imported Product (2020)

Italy: US$48k, Main Origin (2020)

* Foreign trade data has been anonymized.

The main international purchases in 2023 were The Articles of Plastics and Articles of other Materials (US$65.1k) and Tapes, other than those of Heading 5807; Ribbons without Weft Assembled Fiber Yarn or Agglomerated (US$29.8k).

The main countries of origin of international purchases in 2023 were Italy (US$48k), United States (US$18.3k), and China (US$16.1k).

Foreign Direct Investment

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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  • US$306M, FDI Jan-Dec 2023
  • US$4.26B, FDI Jan-1999 to Dec-2023

In the period January to December 2023, FDI in Tlaxcala reached the US$306M, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$304M), equity capital (US$5.26M), and inter-company debts (US$2.41M).

From January 1999 and December 2023, Tlaxcala accumulates a total of US$712B in FDI, distributed in reinvestment of earnings (US$1.97B), equity capital (US$1.31B), and inter-company debts (US$979M).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Tlaxcala's state.

* Confidential data is not shown in the chart (see information icon in the section).

Origin Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

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Main investor country Jan-Dec 2023: Hong Kong, Confidential

Main investor country Jan-1999 to Dec-2023: United States, US$2.02B

From January to December de 2023, the main origin countries of FDI in Tlaxcala were Hong Kong (Confidential), United States (US$75.6M), and Japan (Confidential).

Between January 1999 and December 2023, the countries that have contributed the most to FDI are United States (US$2.02B), Canada (US$579M), and Australia (US$312M).

* Foreign Direct Investment data is available to Tlaxcala's state.

* Countries with sensitive data are not shown on the map.

* Information download does not contain confidential data.

Geographical Distribution of Remittances

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The line graph shows the quarterly evolution of income from remittances.

In the first quarter of 2024, registered a remittance amount of US$12.1M.

Population and Housing

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Tlaxcala 2020: 52,644, Female Population

 Tlaxcala 2020: 47,252, Male Population

The total population of Tlaxcala in 2020 was 99,896 inhabitants, with 52.7% woman, and 47.3% men.

The age ranges that concentrated the largest population were 15 to 19 years (8,144 inhabitants), 20 to 24 years (8,099 inhabitants), and 10 to 14 years (7,994 inhabitants). Among them they concentrated 24.3% of the total population.

* In the case of the Afro-descendant population, reference is made to the population that is recognized as Afro-descendant.

Indigenous Dialect

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1.18k inhabitants, Population that speaks an indigenous language

The visualization shows the 10 main indigenous languages spoken by the population of Tlaxcala.

The population of 3 years and over that speaks at least one indigenous language was 1.18k inhabitants, which corresponds to 1.18% of the total population of Tlaxcala.

The most widely spoken indigenous dialects were Náhuatl (618 inhabitants), Mazateco (180 inhabitants), and Totonaco (134 inhabitants).

Foreign Immigration

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The geomap shows the countries of origin of migrants to Tlaxcala in recent years. The bar chart shows the main causes of migration.

The largest number of migrants who entered Tlaxcala in the last 5 years came from United States (345 people), Peru (45 people), and Colombia (39 people).

The main causes of migration to Tlaxcala in recent years were family (279 people), labor (106 people), and educational (36 people).

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Quality of Life

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Rooms and Bedrooms of the House

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  • 29.3%, Housing with 6+ rooms (2020)
  • 36%, Housing with 2 bedrooms (2020)

In 2020, most inhabited private homes had 6+ and 5 rooms, 29.3% and 24.5%, respectively.

In the same period, the inhabited private homes with 2 and 3 bedrooms, 36% and 35.2%, respectively.

* The percentage distribution does not add to 100% because the value of the unspecified is not included.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Services and Connectivity in the Housing

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The icons show the percentage of households that have certain elements of connectivity and/or services. With the upper selector you can switch between 5 categories that include different elements: access to technologies, entertaiment, availability of goods, availability of transport and equipment.

Data provided by Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (Cuestionario Básico y Cuestionario Ampliado)

2020: 26.3, Average time travel to work in minutes

 2020: 20.7, Average time travel to school in minutes

The visualization shows the population distribution according to travel times to work in 2020 compared to travel times at the national level.

In Tlaxcala, the average travel time from home to work was 26.3 minutes, 78.4% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 6.79% takes more than 1 hour to get to work.

On the other hand, the average travel time from home to place of study was 20.7 minutes, 93.2% of the population takes less than an hour to move, while 5.72% takes more than 1 hour.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Means of Transportation to Work and to School

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The visualization shows the distribution of the means of transport to work or place to study used by the population of Tlaxcala according to travel times.

In 2020, 36.5% of the population used own vehicle (car, truck or motorcycle) as the main means of transportation to work.

Regarding the means of transport to go to the place of study, 40% of the population used bus, taxi, or similar as the main means of transportation.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Employment and Education

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Economically Active Population

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Economically Active Population: 61.8%, 2023-Q4

Unemployment Rate: 3%, 2023-Q4

* The data presented is available to Tlaxcala's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In the fourth quarter of 2023, the labor participation rate in Tlaxcala was 61.8%, which implied a decrease of 0.025 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (61.9%).

The unemployment rate was 3 % (20.1k people), which implied a decrease of 0.68 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (3.68%).

Salaries and Workforce

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28.6% Formal - 71.4% Informal: 649k, Workforce 2023-Q4

$6.54k MX Formal - $3.9k MX Informal: $4.65k MX, Average Monthly Salary 2023-Q4

* The data presented is available to Tlaxcala's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The population employed in Tlaxcala in the fourth quarter of 2023 was 649k people, being  0.71% higher than the previous quarter (644k employed).

The average monthly salary in the fourth quarter of 2023 it was of $4.65k MX being $124 MX higher than the previous quarter ($4.53k MX).

Workforce and Salaries by Occupation

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Género

  • 41.5 %, Employed women 2023-Q4
  • 58.5 %, Employed men 2023-Q4

* The data presented is available to Tlaxcala's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In fourth quarter of 2023, Tlaxcala had 649,086 employed.

The occupations with the most workers during the fourth quarter of 2023 were Sales Employees, Dispatchers and Dependent on Trade (42.5k), Support Workers in Agriculture (31.1k), and Traders in Stores (30.9k)

Levels of Schooling

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The chart shows the percentage distribution of the population aged 15 years and over in Tlaxcala according to the approved academic degree.

In 2020, the main academic degrees of the population of Tlaxcala were Bachelor's Degree (27.6k people or 35.5% of the total), High School or General Baccalaureate (16.7k people or 21.4% of the total), and Middle School (13.9k people or 17.9% of the total).

It is possible to see the distribution of academic degrees by sex by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Illiteracy rate

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Tlaxcala 2020: 1.24%, Average illiteracy rate

The illiteracy rate for Tlaxcala in 2020 was 1.24%. Of the total illiterate population, 30.3% corresponded to men and 69.7% to women.

* The illiterate population is considered to be the population aged 15 and over who cannot read or write.

Higher Education Enrollments

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Top Women Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 3.53k, Social sciences and law

Top Men Area (Bachelor's Degrees - 2021): 2.07k, Social sciences and law

The areas with the highest number of men enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Social sciences and law (2,072), Administration and business (979), and Education (584). Similarly, the study areas that concentrated the most women enrolled in bachelor's degrees were Social sciences and law (3,530), Administration and business (1,615), and Education (1,569).

It is possible to review this distribution in other years and different areas of study by changing the options selected in the upper buttons.

Higher Education Enrollment by Training Field

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In 2021, the most demanded training field in Tlaxcala were Laws (2.92k), Psychology (1.6k), and Education sciences (1.23k).

Upper Secondary Education Graduates by State

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Tlaxcala: 406k, Total number of graduates from upper secondary education 2021 - 2022

*The values presented were provided by the SEP and correspond to values for the period 2021-2022.

The states with the highest number of graduates in the 2020-2021 school period were: Estado de México (8.08%, 32,803 graduates), Ciudad de México (6.75%, 27,386 graduates), Guanajuato (6.43%, 26,094 graduates), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (5.75%, 23,345 graduates), and Tamaulipas (5.26%, 21,329 graduates).

Graduate Students of Upper Secondary Education by Carrer

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Tlaxcala: 189, Total number of careers in Upper Secondary Education

*The values presented were provided by the SEP and correspond to values for the period 2021-2022.

The upper secondary education courses in Mexico with the highest number of graduates were Programación (9.94%, 40,342 graduates), Soporte Y Mantenimiento De Equipo De Cómputo (6.8%, 27,588 graduates), and Contabilidad (6.2%, 25,161 graduates).

Health Resources

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Health Institutions and Type

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Stratum

The matrix is colored according to el número de unidades de salud by type and institution. The data is updated as of March 2022.

With the top selectors you can change the indicator and analyze the data for the rural and urban strata.

Data provided by Secretaría de Salud and CONAPO.

Health Establishments by Institution

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The graphs show the distribution of health units by rural or urban stratum and by type of establishment through March 2022.

By clicking on a chart it is possible to filter the information displayed by the other chart.

Health Resources by Subcategory

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The treemap shows the distribution of health centers according to specialties in Tlaxcala.

You can click on any box in the chart to view the distribution of the selected specialty by units type in the donut chart.  Or select a unit type in the donut chart to modify the treemap data.

Health Coverage

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Health Options and Coverage

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  • 21.9 %, Population served by Seguro Popular
  • 26.5 %, Population served by Social Security

In Tlaxcala, the most widely used health care options in 2020 were IMSS (Social Security) (25.9k), Pharmacy Office (23.8k), and SSAs Health Care Center or Hospital (21.4k).

In the same year, the social insurances that grouped the largest number of people were Popular Insurance or New Generation (XXI Century Health Insurance) (31.2k) and Not Specified (22.3k).

* The sum of the affiliated population is greater than the national population because a person can be affiliated with multiple health institutions.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Difficulty Performing Daily Activities

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In 2020, the main disabilities present in the population of Tlaxcala were physical disability (1.56k people), visual disability (1.56k people), and hearing disability (819 people).

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

Disability and Diversity

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The chart shows the population pyramid of disability population in Tlaxcala. With the upper selector it is possible to review the population pyramid for different types of disability.

By default, the chart shows the distribution of the visual disability population. 1,558 people with visual disabilities were totaled, 57.6% women and 42.4% men.

According to gender and age range, women among 85 or more years concentrated the 6.48% of the total population with visual disability, while men among 85 or more years concentrated the 3.79% of this population group.

Causes or Origins of Disabilities

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The matrix chart shows the distribution of the population with disabilities according to the type of disability and its causes or origins.

* A person can have more than one disability and appear counted in more than one category.

* The data displayed were obtained from the extended questionnaire whose data have a confidence interval of 90% and an error of 0.2.

Evolution of COVID-19 Cases

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Scale
Time Axis

* The dashed line indicates preliminary data that will be confirmed during the next 7 days.

The visualization presents the evolution of daily cases by COVID-19 in Tlaxcala.

With the selector at the top it is possible to change the visualization to the evolution of deaths by COVID-19 (daily or accumulated). There is also the option of viewing the data with a 7-day rolling mean or a rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

The visualization shows the distribution of deaths according to comorbidity in Tlaxcala. All the deceased reported to date are considered.

The buttons at the top allow you to see this distribution for the total of confirmed cases and hospitalized cases to date in Tlaxcala.

COVID-19 Cases by Sex and Age Range

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The visualization shows the distribution of confirmed cases according to age range and sex in Tlaxcala to the date.

The selector at the top allows you to see this distribution for deceased and hospitalized patients. Additionally, when selecting type of patient it is possible to visualize the distribution by age range of hospitalized and outpatient patients.

Inequality in Income Distribution

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  • $42.7k MX, Average quarterly current income in 2020
  • $115k MX, Difference between decile I and X in 2020

* The data presented is available to Tlaxcala's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

The visualization shows the total average quarterly current income per household in deciles of households in Tlaxcala comparing the years 2016, 2018 and 2020.

In Tlaxcala, 10% of the lowest income households (first decile) had an average quarterly income of $10.6k MX in 2020, while the 10% of households with the highest income (tenth decile) had an average quarterly income of $125k MX in the same period.

Diversity of the Person of Reference or Head of the Household

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  • 35.9%, Dwellings with women heads of household
  • 64.1%, Dwellings with men heads of household

According to data from the Population Census 2020, 28.9k dwellings were registered. Of these, 35.9% are homes where the person of reference is a woman and 64.1% corresponds to homes where the person of reference is a man.

Regarding the age ranges of the person of reference, 12.8% of the dwellings concentrated heads of household between 45 a 49 años.

2020: 0.33, GINI in Tlaxcala

The Gini coefficient or Gini index is a statistical measure designed to represent the income distribution of the inhabitants, specifically, the inequality between them. Indices closer to 0, represent more equity among its inhabitants, while values close to 1, express maximum inequity among its population.

In 2020, in Tlaxcala, the municipalities with the lowest social inequality, according to the GINI index, were: Emiliano Zapata (0.276), Lázaro Cárdenas (0.283), Benito Juárez (0.293), Muñoz de Domingo Arenas (0.294), and Españita (0.304). On the other hand, the municipalities with less social equality by this metric were: Huamantla (0.378), Panotla (0.372), San Francisco Tetlanohcan (0.369), Teolocholco (0.364), and Totolac (0.363).

Poverty and Social Deprivation Indicators

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Percentage of the Total Population in 2020

  • 1.35%, Population in extreme poverty
  • 23.7%, Population in moderate poverty

The visualization compares various indicators of poverty and social deprivation.

In 2020, 23.7% of the population was in a situation of moderate poverty and 1.35% in extreme poverty. The vulnerable population due to social deprivation reached a 34.7%, while the vulnerable population due to income was 6.92%.

The main social deficiencies of Tlaxcala in 2020 were deprivation social security, deprivation health services and deprivation food access.

Public security

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Definition of Concepts

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In order to understand Public Safety in Mexico, this section analyzes two main concepts corresponding to theoretical approaches from which the level of Public Safety is understood: a) Perception and b) Complaint.

The perception of security seeks to measure the perception of public security that the population and households have about the place where they reside and its relationship with crime. On the other hand, the perception of trust in authorities or institutional performance seeks to know how the population perceives authorities and the actions they carry out, regardless of whether or not they have been victims of crime.

The term of complaint is used in the act by which a subject, victim or witness of a crime, reports or establishes the facts in front of the pertinent authorities, reporting an irregularity, criminal act or crime in order to be investigated.

Perception of Security

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Perception of Security in your State

  • 43.6 %, Men
  • 27.8 %, Women

* The data presented is available to Tlaxcala's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2023, 43.6% of men over 18 years old in Tlaxcala perceived security in their state, while 27.8% of women over 18 years old shared this perception.

At the personal level, men from the upper middle socio-demographic stratum perceived greater security (45%), while women perceived greater security in the lower class socioeconomic stratum (36.3%).

Trust in Authorities

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* The data presented is available to Tlaxcala's state, since there is no representation at the municipality level.

In 2023, 9% of the population of Tlaxcala claimed to have a lot of confidence in the state police, while a 13% indicated they have a lot of distrust.

Similarly, a 11.2% of the population assured that they had a lot of trust in the Public Ministry and State Prosecutors, a 11.9% in the Judges and a 31.7% in the Federal Police, while a 14.3%, a 14.1% and a 4.42% claimed to have a lot of distrust in them, respectively.

In the graph you can analyze the level of trust in other authorities and review the data by gender by changing the option selected in the upper button.

* Percentages exclude the "Don't know / no answer" option.

Complaints by Goods Affected

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April 2024: 34, Total complaints

 April 2024: Stole, Main complaint

The complaints with the highest occurrence during April 2024 were Stole (33), Other Crimes of the Common Law (1), and Trust Abuse (0), which covered a 100% of total complaints for the month.

When comparing the number of complaints in April 2023 and April 2024, those with the highest growth were Trust Abuse (0%), Damage to Property (0%), and Dispossession (0%).