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Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products

Occupation (7513) - 2023-Q4

  • 881k, Workforce
  • $4.78k MX, Average monthly salary
  • 43.6, Average age
  • 37.7, Weekly hours worked
  • 4.97, Weekly days worked
  • 6.16%, Workforce with second job
  • 86.4%, Informal Workforce
  • 8.61, Average years of Schooling

About Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products

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The workforce of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during fourth quarter of 2023 was 881k people, whose salary averaged $4.78k MX working around 37.7 hours per week.

The average age of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products was 43.6 years. The workforce was distributed in 34.9% men with an average salary of $6.01k MX and, 65.1% women with average salary of $4.12k MX.

The best average salaries received by Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products were in Baja California Sur ($8.85k MX), Coahuila de Zaragoza ($6.74k MX), and Baja California ($6.43k MX) while the workforce was larger in Estado de México (105k), Oaxaca (76.1k), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (67.9k).

In terms of industries, the best average salaries were in Retail Trade of Groceries and Food ($7.92k MX), Retail Trade of Textile Products, except Apparel ($2.64k MX), and Retail Trade of Household Furniture and other Household Goods ($2.58k MX), while the workforce was concentrated on Retail Trade of Groceries and Food (7.77k), Retail Trade of Textile Products, except Apparel (2.61k), and Retail Trade of Household Furniture and other Household Goods (940).

69.4% of the total informal workers correspond to women with an average salary of $3.99k MX and 30.6% to men with an average salary of $5.77k MX.

At the level of states, Hidalgo had the highest percentage of informal workers with 97.6% corresponding to 32.8k from 33.6k workers, while the state with the lowest percentage of informal workers was Baja California with a 60.5% corresponding to 8.16k from 13.5k workers.

Workforce and Salaries Evolution

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  • 881k, Workforce 2023-Q4
  • $4.78k MX, Average monthly salary 2023-Q4

At fourth quarter of 2023, the people who worked as Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products were 881k being a 3.14% higher than the third quarter of 2023. (854k).

In the same period, an average salary of $4.78k MX was observed, registering a drop of 2.31%, compared to the third quarter of 2023 ($4.89k MX).

Workforce by State

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The states with the highest number of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during the fourth quarter of 2023 were Estado de México (105k), Oaxaca (76.1k), and Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (67.9k)

Comparing the first quarter of 2021 and the fourth quarter of 2023, the main positive variations occurred in Coahuila de Zaragoza and Oaxaca with an increase of 13.9k (75.5%) and 13.3k (21.2%), respectively. On the other hand, the negative variations were accentuated in Guanajuato and Tabasco with a decrease of 9.9k (25.2%) and 9.04k (35.6%), respectively.

Salaries by State

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The states with the best average salaries for Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during fourth quarter of 2023 were Baja California Sur ($8.85k MX), Coahuila de Zaragoza ($6.74k MX), and Baja California ($6.43k MX)

Comparing the first quarter of 2021 and the fourth quarter of 2023, the positive salary growth was higher in Ciudad de México and Baja California Sur with an increase of $3.05k MX (97.5%) and $1.8k MX (25.5%), respectively. Por otro lado, las variaciones salariales negativas se acentuaron en Tamaulipas and Sinaloa with a decrease of $1.72k MX (24.2%) and $1.53k MX (20.3%), respectively.

Average Salary and Workforce by Sex and Age

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Average Age 2023-Q4

  • 44.3, Women
  • 42.3, Men

At fourth quarter of 2023, the male workforce in Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products represented the 34.9% of the employed population and women 65.1%. The male workforce was higher in the age group of 35 to 44 years (70.4k), while the female workforce was higher in the age group of 45 to 54 years (134k).

The highest average salary was $7.22k MX received by men from 45 to 54 years, while the lowest average salary was $2.62k MX received by women from 75 or more years.

* The data regarding salaries have low statistical precision so it should not be used as conclusions.

Average Salary and Workforce by Gender and Schooling Years

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Average Schooling in Years (2023-Q4)

  • 8.35, Women
  • 9.07, Men

During the fourth quarter of 2023, male and female workforce in Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products was concentrated in the educational segment with 7 to 9 years of schooling (111k men and 189k women).

The highest average salary was $7.73k MX received by men with 16 to 18 years of schooling, while the lowest average salary was $3.31k MX received by women with 0 to 3 years of schooling.

* The data regarding salaries have low statistical precision so it should not be used as conclusions.

Workforce and Salaries Distribution by Industries

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The visualization shows the distribution of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products in different industries and economic sectors.

At fourth quarter of 2023, the workforce was higher in Retail Trade of Groceries and Food (68.7%), Retail Trade of Textile Products, except Apparel (23%), and Retail Trade of Household Furniture and other Household Goods (8.31%).

In the same period, the best average salaries were received in Retail Trade of Groceries and Food ($7.92k MX), Retail Trade of Textile Products, except Apparel ($2.64k MX), and Retail Trade of Household Furniture and other Household Goods ($2.58k MX).

Labor Informality

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Labor Informality

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Labor Informality 2023-Q4

  • 86.4%, Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products
  • 54.8%, Average Informality in Mexico

During the fourth quarter of 2023, the labor informality of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products reached a 86.4%, which implied an increase from 3.7 percentage points compared to the third quarter of 2023  (82.7%).

The labor informality of this occupation was higher than informality at the country level in 31.7 percentage points during the fourth quarter of 2023.

Labor Informality by State

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Greater Labor Informality: 97.6%, Hidalgo

Less Labor Informality: 60.5 %, Baja California

At fourth quarter of 2023, the states with the highest rate of labor informality in Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products were Hidalgo (97.6%), Oaxaca (96.9%), and Guerrero (96.2%).

The states with the lowest informality rate were Chihuahua (69.7%), Sinaloa (65.4%), and Baja California (60.5%).

Labor Informality by Age and Education

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Workforce

The workforce of Workers Making Bread, Tortillas, Cakes, and other Flour and Cereal Products during the fourth quarter of 2023 was higher in the age group with 45 to 54 years concentrating 203k workers of which 17% corresponds to formal employment (34.4k) and 83% to informal employment (168k).

Regarding the schooling years, the workforce was higher in the range with 7 to 9 years of schooling concentrating 301k workers of which 16.5%  corresponds to formal employment (49.6k) and 83.5% corresponds to informal employment (251k).